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Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage
Pages and Files
Overview of SAGD
Fouling Concerns in SAGD
Analysis of Depositions
Reasons for Fouling in SAGD
Breaking Reverse Emulsions
Alberta Source. Steam assisted gravity drainage [Internet]. [Cited 2010 November 27]. Available from:
. 2005. Effects of Chemical Application on Antifouling in Steam-Assisted Gravity drainage operations. Energy & Fuels. 19(4), 1425-1429.
ConocoPhillips Canada. Oil Sands [Internet]. [Cited 2010 November 27]. Available from:
Cyr T, Coates R, Polikar M. "Steam-assisted gravity drainage heavy oil recovery process." United States Patent 6 257 334 B1. July 10, 2001
Ganapathy V. 1992. Fouling-the silent heat transfer thief. Hydrocarbon Processing. October: 49-52.
Hans M. 2000. Handbook [of] heat exchanger fouling: mitigation and cleaning technologies. Germany: Publico Publications.
Hart PR. c2002. Chemical Removal of Organic Foulants from Produced Water Recycled as Steam. SPE International Thermal Operations and Heavy Oil Symposium and International Horizontal Well Technology Conference; 2002 November 4-7; Calgary, Alberta, Canada: Society of Petroleum Engineers. p. 1-7
Ian G, Neilin C. 2006. Optimization of Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage in McMurray Reservoir. Original Petroleum Society Manuscript.45: 54-62.
Imperial College London. Tube-side Fouling [Internet]. [Cited 2010 November 27]. Available from:
Jacques Donald F and Bock Jan. “Hydrophobically associating polymers for oily water clean-up.” United States Patent 4 734 205, March 29, 1988
Jennings DW, Shaikh A. 2007. Heat-Exchanger Deposition in an Inverted Steam-Assisted Gravity Drainage Operation, Part 1, Inorganic and Organic Analyses of Deposit Samples. Energy Fuels. 21 (1):176-184.
Knoll R, Yeung K. 2000. Drilling Engineering Challenges in Commercial SAGD Well Design in Alberta. Society of Petroleum Engineers Inc. SPE 62282
Luminour Software Solutions. Luminous Software Solutions [Internet]. [Cited 2010 November 27]. Available from:
Paakkonen T, Riihimaki M, Puhakka E, Muurinen E, Simonson C, Keiski R. 2009. Crystallization Fouling of CaCO3-Effect of Bulk Precipitation on Mass Deposition on the Heat Transfer Surface. International Conference on Heat Exchanger Fouling and Cleaning VIII 2009 June 14-19; Schladming, Austria. Published Online: www.heatexchanger-fouling.com
Porta Treatment. Porta Treatmnet: Advanced Internal Water Boiler Treatment. [Internet] [Cited 2010 November 27]. Available from:
Regent Energy Group. images [Internet]. [Cited 2010 November 27]. Available from:
The Engineering Toolbox. Solubility of Gases in Water. [Internet]. [Cited 2010 November 27]. Available from:
Wikipedia. Fouling [Internet]. [Cited 2010 November 27]. Available from:
Wikipedia. Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage [Internet]. [Cited 2010 November 27]. Available from:
Wu A, Zamainali A.M., Lazeez S. S., Gamber S.D. Crude Oil Emulsion Study Team SALD and APED. 2010. Khurais Crude Oil Emulsion Possibility Study. Saudi Aramco: Southern Area Laboratories Division
Yu H. 2007. Composite Fouling On Heat Exchanger Surfaces. New York: Nova Science Publishers Inc.
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